Stoma : What is a Stoma or Stomata?
You may have already heard the word Stoma or Stomata from a medical practitioner or perhaps you have read it from your favorite health magazine or a medical book. But have you ever wonder what it really means or have you paid attention with regards to the details on what it is and how it affects the lives of people who have it? This article will give light to these questions as we describe Stoma or Stomata in a comprehensive and detailed manner.
What is Stoma?
A Stoma is the singular form of Stomata. It can be best described as an opening on the human body which gives a body cavity or organ an external access or passage. This passage is either used either to inject or flush substance in and out of the body. With this regard, our mouth can be classified as a stoma. In the same note, the rectum can also be classified as a stoma. This concept and understanding plus the advancements in medical science have enabled Doctors and Surgeons to surgically create stoma to aid people with their illness. This have helped save millions of lives since its inception.
Types of Surgical or Artificial Stoma
There are numerous examples or Types of Stoma which are surgically created. The names begins with the name of the organ involved and ends with ostonomy. A perfect example of this and probably the most common artificial stoma is colostomy. This type of stoma is surgically created to make an opening in the large intestines or colon to bypass the removal of feces through the rectum where the waste is then drained into a plastic pouch through the stoma. Since the surgical procedure is done in the colon, thus it was named as colostomy. Other examples of artificial or surgical stoma are as follows:
- Dacryocystorhinostomy – An artificial Stoma which involves the nose to restore the flow of tears from the lacrimal sac down to the nose. This is done when the nasolacrimal duct malfunction.
- Cecostomy – An opening created in the cecum which is part of the large intestines. It is used to induce antegrade enema. This type of Surgical Stoma is commonly performed to children.
- Duodenostomy – An opening to the duodenum basically through the abdomen.
- Ileostomy – An artificial or surgical Stoma where an opening is created to bring the small intestines out.
- Jejunostomy – Involves an opening to the Jejunum which is used in placing feeding tube.
- Appendicostomy – A surgical stoma created on the vermiform which is then used to drain or flush large bowel.
- Esophagostomy – A stoma created into the esophagus which is used to place feeding tube.
- Gastrostomy – An opening involving the stomach to aid food ingestion.
- Cholecystostomy – A stoma created in the gallbladder. This is used to drain waste from the gallbladder.
- Choledochostomy – An opening created into the bile duct to drain unwanted wastes.
- Sclerostomy – A stoma created in the sclera to aid the treatment of glaucoma.
- Thoracotomy – An emergency incision created that gain access to organs such as the heart, lungs, esophagus and anterior spine.
- Tracheostomy – A stoma created on the neck that will serve as an air passage.
- Urostomy – A stoma created for the urinary track. It is made to divert urine from bladder and urethra if these organs are not functioning.
- Nephrostomy – A stoma created on the kidney to bypass the flow of urine.
- Ureterostomy – A stoma created to divert urine flow if the patient has a non-functioning bladder.
- Vesicostomy – A stoma created for people with abnormal urinating. It involves the urninary bladder.
Artificial or Surgical Stoma have helped many ill people live a normal life. The wonders of medical science has truly evolved by saving and extending the lives of those who are dear to us. Though this is a fact, it does not give us the excuse to abuse and not take good care of our health. After all, who would want to have an excess baggage right? A clean and healthy regimen is all you need to avoid a stoma.